Facts and Tips in Managing a Child with ADHD Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is a condition characterized by inattentiveness, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity. The signs and symptoms of ADHD can be observed at an early age, becoming noticeable when a child starts school or any change in circumstances. Heredity or genetic influence shows to be a strong factor in the occurrence of ADHD, although the exact cause of ADHD is unknown. The possible contributory factors that may have caused ADHD include low birth weight, prematurity (birth before the 37th week of pregnancy), and alcohol, smoking or drug abuse during pregnancy. ADHD can occur in patients with any level of intellectual ability, although it is more common for children with learning difficulties. Sometimes, the signs and symptoms of ADHD are less obvious and not all categories might be present, like some patients may have problems with hyperactivity but not with impulsiveness or inattentiveness. ADHD cannot be cured, although it can be managed by medication, educational support, and advice for affected children and their parents. It is important to bear in mind that people with ADHD cannot help their behavior, and several issues may arise in daily living such as getting ready for school on time, listening and carrying out instructions, social interactions, being organized, or getting your child to sleep at night. The signs and symptoms of ADHD are noticeable before six years of age, and they are well defined in children and teenagers, occurring in more than one situation like at school and at home. The main signs of inattentiveness include being easily distracted, short attention span, careless mistakes like school work, losing things, appearing forgetful, unable to focus on tasks which are time-consuming or tedious, changing tasks constantly, difficulty completing and organizing task, and unable to listen to and carry out instructions. When it comes to the behavioral signs of hyperactivity and impulsiveness, they usually include little or no sense of danger, unable to sit still especially in quiet or calm surroundings, constantly fidgeting, excessive talking, excessive physical movement, unable to concentrate or focus on tasks, unable to wait for his turn, acting without thinking, and interrupting conversations. These signs and symptoms can significantly affect a child’s life most especially when it comes to social interaction, discipline and safety.
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A child with ADHD may also have related conditions such as Tourette’s syndrome, learning difficulties, anxiety disorder (child worries too much or gets nervous all the time), depression, or epilepsy. Doctors often prescribe methylphenidate, dexamfetamine, lisdexamfetamine atomoxetine, or guanfacine to patients with ADHD. These medications are very helpful for patients with ADHD for them to concentrate or focus better, feel calmer, be less impulsive, and learn and develop new skills.Understanding Wellness